Current situation of Textile Science and technology
Fiber material high performance, and diversified, and ecological of level to be upgrade, main performance in: high performance fiber independent innovation capacity weak, key technology and equipment is needed breakthrough, on bit Fong LUN imports dependency degrees over 95%, carbon fiber imports dependency degrees over 80%; new function fiber has yet to be expand and upgrade, function of, and difference of products accounted for than partial low, General fiber high simulation varieties and the effect to be expand and upgrade; chemical fiber on fossil resources dependence big, chemical fiber industry on oil rely on degrees up to 65%, Study on new type bio-fiber is still tracking; low technology integration, relatively backward equipment; development of natural fibres limited, imported over 4 million tons of raw cotton per year, restricted by arable land red line, expand the scale of planting and breeding alone unsustainable model of development of natural fibres.
Advanced textile technical skills need to be formed. Spinning, and weaving made, and non-weaving made of efficient, and low, and continuous, and automation level urgently upgrade; composite, and high support, and fashion, and comfortable, and high quality, to value chain high-end of technology capacity urgently formed; according to survey displayed, currently related enterprise main production technology of 52% is imitation or imitation based Shang innovation, independent innovation only accounted for 18%, textile processing technology independent innovation capacity is needed upgrade.
Ecological dyeing and finishing technology still need to break new ground. China dyeing and finishing industry of resource consumption and emissions are still large, years of printing and dyeing processing machine in our country more than 60 billion meters of fabrics, knitted more than 12 million tons of standard coal consumption of 30 million tons, 3 billion tons of waste water, CODcr 280,000 tons. High risk toxic and harmful textile chemicals still in use, currently 70 environmental hormones have been identified 26 associated with the Textile auxiliaries.