Facing the cold winter of the industry, how can textile people get out of the predicament from the fierce competition
Functional textiles refer to textiles with special functions such as far-infrared textiles, anti ultraviolet textiles, chitin fabrics, anti mite fabrics, magnetic therapy products, vitamin fabrics, anti-bacterial fabrics, etc., in addition to the basic functions of conventional decoration and warmth preservation.
Functional fabric refers to the fabric with a certain special performance and use, such as waterproof, windproof, breathable, moisture permeable, warm, oil resistant, easy to decontaminate, anti bacteria and deodorization, anti ultraviolet, anti-static, anti radiation, anti flame retardant, high temperature resistant, acid and alkali resistant functions. At present, the functional fabrics in the market are mainly clothing fabrics, which are mostly used in outdoor sports clothes and high-grade leisure clothes. Among the new functional textile materials, polyester fiber is the most developed synthetic fiber.
Green ecological functional textile raw materials
1. Biological basis
Tencel fiber. Tencel fiber is a true "ecological protection" fiber, which can reproduce the natural characteristics of wood pulp completely. It is a carbohydrate, biodegradable, no waste, no by-product, and can be completely recycled;
Chitin fiber. Chitin fiber, which is made of shells of shrimp, crab and insect, has good hygroscopicity, air permeability, sterilization and deodorization. The medical dressing can play the role of analgesia, hemostasis and wound healing. Mainly used in medical and health industries.
Degradable fibers are generally defined as fiber materials that can be hydrolyzed into small molecules, such as PLA fibers or PLA based copolymers. It is made of renewable corn, wheat and other starch materials through fermentation, polymerization and spinning. It is comfortable to wear. It has the functions of elasticity, moisture absorption, air permeability, heat resistance and UV resistance. Its waste can be naturally degraded and it is a green environmental protection fiber.
Testing standard for functional textiles
China is a big textile producer and consumer. There are many kinds of functional textiles, and the detection of special functions also came into being. There are three kinds of detection standards related to functional textiles: the first is product standards, the second is method standards, and the third is technical evaluation instructions.
There are many domestic textile manufacturers and fierce competition. After China's accession to the WTO, the export volume of textiles has gradually increased, and the high-grade functional textiles will undoubtedly be in short supply. Therefore, the research and development of functional fabrics with high and new technology is of great significance to improve the international competitiveness of China's textile industry, and also has broad market development space.
It is a trend of textile industry to develop some fabrics with special functions and to give fabrics higher added value through textile finishing process.
source: Hua qian tou tiao