Popular science of the fabric

Popular science of the fabric


1.Barre

Uneven patterns are usually found on the transverse or lateral fabric of the fabric. Uneven yarns, uneven yarn tension and different dye affinity for yarn may be the reason for this.

2.BadPlace

This is a very convenient term for the fabric defects that are difficult to describe in words. This term is often used to describe places where fabric weaving has been badly damaged.

3.Bias

In the case of woven fabrics, the defect refers to where the weft and warp are deflected. In the case of knitted fabrics, this refers to the place where the fabric column and the fabric column occur in a deviation.

4.BirdseyeDefect

In the case of knitted fabrics, this refers to the occasional irregularity of the fabric design.

5.Bow

In the case of woven fabrics, this condition refers to the way in which the weft is in the direction of the width of the fabric. In the case of knitted fabrics, this refers to the loop of the coil in the direction of the width of the fabric.

6.BrokenEnd

This defect refers to the area where the warp is broken and repaired. Its common feature is that it can be seen to be weaved in fabric.

7.BrokenColPattern

This kind of situation refers to the discontinuity of decorative pattern, when use loom harness to describe color design errors or in weft yarn faults of loom for repair after reset is not correct for image filling chain are likely to lead to this kind of defect; In the case of knitted fabrics, this situation is caused by the error of the spindle.

8.Bruise

This refers to the fact that the fabric has been worn down because of the knitting yarn or fabric that has been woven, resulting in a loss of sense of direction and distortion of the fabric.

9.Burlmark

This is a distortion caused by excessive amounts of material, such as roving lines, waste, and wafers that are being removed with repair tools.

10.Buttonholeselvage

This is a defect of fabric, and the excessive tension accumulated on the loom before changing the weft is the cause of this defect. This tension tends to limit the correct fall and interlacing of the weft of the weft, resulting in a blemish similar to that of a buttonhole.

11.ChafedYarn

This defect refers to the worn yarn, which causes the fibers to lose their sense of direction and distort the yarn. This defect will affect the colorability of the yarn and often lead to the formation of radial spline or weft striation.

12.ChoppedFilling

This defect refers to the imbalance of the weft direction, which is characterized by an obvious or neat pattern, which is caused by the eccentric behavior of the drawing roll.

13.Clipmark

This kind of defect is refers to the dyes on the fabric is not, is a result of this kind of defect in the fabric on the edge of the metal clip, the clip is in order to avoid or correct fabric selvage fold and used in dyeing.

14.CoarseEnd

In this case, the diameter of a warp yarn is significantly greater than the diameter of the normal warp yarns.

15.CoarsePick

In this case, the diameter of a weft yarn is significantly larger than the diameter of the normal weft.

16.CoarseYarn

In this case, the diameter of a piece of yarn is significantly greater than the diameter of the normal yarn of the fabric.

17.CockledFabric

For knitted fabrics, the defect refers to the fabric that has a wrinkled, shriveled, or uplift that cannot be laid flat on a cutting table. The reasons for this phenomenon may be due to the distortion of the yarn without rules, also may be due to uneven tension in the process of knitting yarn, also may be due to the yarn in the fabric in the reaction degree of heterogeneity in the finishing process.

18.CockledYarn

This refers to the fact that some fibers in a certain yarn appear to be very curly and not clear of the direction of the fibers. The reasons for this situation is due to some yarn fiber is too long relative to the drawing roller, which leads to the previous drawing roller loosen after this fiber before a drawing roller has been caught in the connect this fiber, it will make the fiber break and curled up. The twisted yarn looks like a tiny twist in the fabric.

19.ColFly

This refers to the presence of different colored fiber impurities in yarn or fabric.

20.ColMisdraw

In the case of woven fabrics, this refers to the contrast between the colored and colored patterns depicted in the fabric of the weaving machine and the design of the weave. In the case of warp knitted fabrics, this refers to the contrast of the colored yarn depicted with the guide bar to the pattern design.

21.ColOut

In the process of printing, if the color pulp of the storage tank is quickly used up, it will cause the blank of the printing pattern to jump.

22.ColSmear

This situation is due to the pattern distortion caused by the application of paint during the printing process.


24 CompactCrease

For knitted fabrics, this defect refers to the hard creases caused by the wrinkling fabric used in the control and stabilization of shrinkage.


25 Crugation

This defect is the washboard phenomenon caused by the thick gasket of the preshrunk finishing machine.


26 Cover

The term is often used to describe the defects on the surface properties of fabric, such as the number of warp and weft, outstanding decorative pattern or not and the other can change two kinds of yarns in the system by which a system to achieve the expectations of the yarn properties.


27 Crease

This defect refers to the crease created by the fabric folding itself under pressure.


28 wrinkles of CreaseStreak

This defect refers to the visible aftereffect caused by the folding of fabric in dyeing or finishing work.


29 Damaged

This refers to the fact that the fabric has been damaged and can no longer be used for predetermined occasions.


30 DoctStreak

This defect refers to a narrow, wiggling strip of flowers that occurs during the printing process due to the damage of a scraper.


31 DoubleEnd

In this case, two warp threads appeared in the fabric design where only one warp was required.


32. DoublePick

In this case, there are two weft at the end of the loom, which requires only one filling.


33 Doubling

In the case of weft yarn, this is the case that the size of the weft is twice as large as the normal size of the yarn due to the end of the roving. For warp threads, the end of the roving end of the yarn will lead to rough warp.


34 "DraggingEnd"

In the case of warp knitted fabrics, this refers to the fact that the warp threads are entangled in the warp threads, causing the warp to be knitted in unstable tension conditions.


35 Drawback

The reason for this defect is due to the excess tension caused by some unusual restrictions on many warp threads. When the restrictions are removed, these excessively loose threads will gradually be woven into the fabric, resulting in fabric defects.


36 DroppedPick

The defect of the fabric is caused by the insertion of the weft of the loom without the insertion of the weft. Since the weft insertion device cannot loosen the weft, the weft will enter the main body of the device, which will cause half of the weft in the width of the fabric. In addition, the weft of the fabric is woven into the fabric as soon as it is loosened, and in this case the weft weave into the fabric is sometimes entangled.


37 DyeStreak

This is a stripe defect associated with dyestuff, is it? Life depends on the application of the dye in the fabric or the absorption of the dye.


38 lack of defects

This condition refers to the lack of warp.


39 Fillingb

In this case, there is a visually obvious stripe in the width of the fabric. The physical or chemical nature of the weft yarn is the direct cause of this defect.


40 FineYarn

For knitted fabric, this kind of defect is, a root, or some yarn diameter is obvious to smaller than the diameter of the normal yarn fabric, this kind of situation usually leads to row in the fabric or fabric fine line to appear on the transverse crack.