standard color card textile people need to know

About the color card

The color card is the embodiment of the colors existing in nature on certain materials (such as paper, fabric, plastic, etc.) for color selection, comparison and communication, and is a tool for achieving a uniform standard of color within a certain range.As a textile industry practitioner dealing with color, these standard color cards you must know!


PANTONE should be the color card that textile, printing and dyeing practitioners most contact with. 


 Pantone is a global authority on the development and research of color and a supplier of color systems for many industries which is headquartered in the United States, New Jersey Carlstadt,including printing and other applications related to color such as digital technology, textiles, plastic, construction and interior design professional color choices and precise communication language.Textile industry-specific color card PANTONE TX card, divided into PANTONE TPX (paper card) and PANTONE TCX (cotton card). The PANTONE C and U cards in the printing industry is also more frequent use.The annual Pantone Year of the Pop color has become the representative of the world's fashion color since 2017!


CNCS color card: China national standard color card.


Since 2001, China Textile Information Center has undertaken the "China Applied Color Research Project" of Ministry of Science and Technology and established CNCS color system. After that, a wide range of color research, through the center of the trend research department, China Fashion Color Association, foreign partners, buyers, designers and other channels to collect color information, carry out market research. After several years of efforts, research and development of the first version of the color system, and to determine the materials and processes used.


CNCSCOLOR has seven-digit numbers, the first three hues, the middle two are the brightness, the latter two are the saturation.


Hue is divided into 160 levels, the labeling range is 001-160. Hue is from red to yellow, green, blue, purple and other colors in order to counterclockwise in a hue ring end to end in sequence.


Between ideal black and ideal white is divided into 99 brightness levels. Brightness labels are from 01 to 99, from small to large (that is, from deep to shallow) in order.


Saturation labels are from 01 onwards, from the center of the hue ring outward radiation in the order of increasing, such as 01,02,03,04,05,06 ... ... the saturation is less than 01, the very low saturation with 00 said.


DIC color card is from Japan, specifically for industrial, graphic design, packaging, paper printing, architectural coatings, inks, textiles, printing and dyeing, design and so on.



The color card is named after the American color scientist Albert H. Munsell (1858-1918). The Munsell color system has been repeatedly revised by the National Bureau of Standards and the Optical Society to become one of the standard colors recognized by the color world .


In 1905, Albert H. Munsell developed the first widely accepted color order system, known as the Munsell color system, that accurately characterizes colors . The Munsell color space describes all color aggregates as Munsell color solid, Munsell color bodies like a distorted eccentric sphere.



The NCS study began in 1611 and has now become the national test for Sweden, Norway, Spain and other countries. It is the most widely used color system in Europe. It describes the color by the way it looks in the eye. The color of the surface is defined in the NCS color card and given a color number.


NCS color card color number can be judged by the basic attributes of color, such as: blackness, saturation, whiteness and hue. NCS color card number describes the color of the visual properties, and pigment formula and optical parameters have nothing to do.


RAL, Germany Raul color card. German European standards, the same is widely used internationally.


In 1927, RAL involved in the color industry to create a unified language, standard statistical and nomenclature for a variety of colors, these standards are widely understood and applied around the world. The 4-digit RAL color has been used as a color standard for more than 70 years and has grown to more than 200 so far.